The Japanese were advancing on Singapore city, … LI WO’s crew, who were not yet ready to surrender, were filled with admiration for the men who were willingly sacrificing their own chance of freedom to care for their compatriots. He also indulged in the pastime of sunbathing, at a time when such ideas were regarded as akin to madness. Four hours later Empire Star sustained three direct hits as six dive-bombers came out of the tropical dawn – fourteen were killed and seventeen badly injured. Ship Passenger Lists (the 1870s through the 1960s) The GG Archives is a Great Resource for Ship Passenger Lists - USA, Canada, Australia, and Other World Ports, from the 1870s - 1960s. On the evening of 12 February 1942, Vyner Brooke was one the last ships carrying evacuees to leave Singapore. I did not even realise that I had been hit in the back by shrapnel in six places. We were abandoned at Singapore, still burning and not knowing whether or not we could make it out of there. Whilst bathing about 10 a.m. a ship came up the “river” from the sea. I decided with Phillips to take the risk especially as my hand required medical attention. We slept the night on the beach above high water mark. Boat permitted to leave Singapore Harbour by Japanese in 1942 with wounded British patients onboard Can anyone please help name the boat that a Japanese officer allowed to leave harbour during the Fall of Singapore in 1942 in which the Captain of the ship was given a map of the mine field? Prize proceedings withdrawn and vessel released by Sasebo Prize Court 27 December 1943. Ninety thousand British, Australian and Indian troops had been defeated by sixty thousand Japanese. She was then requisitioned by Britain’s Royal Navy as an armed trader. The four surviving ships were: The “Mata Hari” sailed from Singapore for Batavia on 12 February 1942 with a ship’s complement of 483: 9 officers, 72 European ratings, 2 Asian crew, 30 Royal Marines and 60 Royal Naval personnel from the Prince of Wales and Repulse, 60 Army personnel, 118 civilian men and 132 women and children. Specifically, Gordon Reis states in his diary “…I think we had a large number of deserters aboard from the Army in particular…”, Ann Silberman recalled her experience of the sinking of the Giang Bee which can be read HERE (<– PDF). The launch carried some 38 passengers including:  Mr Vivian Gordon Bowden (Australian Trade Commissioner to Singapore), Mr A. N. Wootton (Commercial Secretary), Mr J. P. Quinn (Political Secretary), Lt. Within four days of the surrender Japanese forces that had pressed on into the Netherlands East Indies would be bombing Darwin, and over succeeding days Australians in Timor and Java would also be fighting for their lives. Britain surrendered Singapore to the Japanese on 15 February, 1942, after a week of fierce, last-ditch fighting. The small heavy cruiser, HMS Exeter arrived in the Naval Base just in time to hear the dreadful news of the loss of the heavy ships of Force Z. A hostilities only vessel, of dubious offensive value, LI WO as to be used in an action which would have gladdened Nelson’s heart. The highly maneuverable vessel had been handled in a spirited fashion by Wilkinson and came out of each attack with only minor damage, however their limited supply of ammunition was already running low. Sunk by aircraft 2 March 1945. Regrettably the destroyers kept manoeuvring away from the dinghy so this effort failed. For more on the Redang please read this PDF file HERE. After she was captured she was taken to Singapore. Early in February, 1942, Professor G. A. Ransome spoke to me about his plans to try and escape to the Dutch East Indies if the Japanese should capture Singapore. This section needs expansion. The milk was found in the lifeboat. There they were found by the Tapah and about half the party decided to go aboard the Tapah. Sub Lieut. They were galley staff from the ship (p. 58) who left the passengers once the lifeboat made landfall (p. 63). [To learn more about Miss Higgs and what happened to the party left behind click HERE]. Whether the Japanese assumed the ship was one of theirs or, justifiably, failed to recognize the hostile intent of the small vessel they did not take any defensive measures as the ship closed to 6000 yards. The Giang Bee survivors found themselves on a stretch of land where: …. 22.1.42 Armed trader RAUB (R, 1161t, 1926) - Sunk by aircraft off E Coast of Sumatra . Note: sunset in that area is about 7.20pm at which time it would have been dark. Others were pressed into service in their place. It was apparent we were in for the duration. Captain Mulock refused to surrender, but a close warning shot across the bows forced him to reconsider. Superstition was the last thing on anybody's mind. HMS LI WO was a 707-ton flat bottomed patrol boat formerly operated on the Yangstse River by the Indo-China Steam Navigation Company. Naval guards rushed aboard and we learnt we had been brought to Muntok, the main town of Banka Island… we were herded along a pier to a cinema hall and found it crowded with at least 1,000 male survivors from the various ships that got away too late…” (ASD). See also Ann Silverman’s description below. The Palembang and Muntok Internees of WW2. 1 and No. One description of what happened to those on the lifeboat after they reached land is from Gordon Reis’s diary. Sub Lieut. Great damage was inflicted and the ship was set on fire in three places. With their full support he turned his gunboat toward an enemy fleet of at least fifteen ships. The Maatsuyker It is my understanding that the last refugee ship to successfully leave Singapore and reach safety in Western Australia was a Dutch coastal trader called the Maatsuyker. Again insofar as the occupants of the second successful lifeboat launch who did not board the “HMS Tapah”, “…Fifteen survivors tried to reach Java in a ships lifeboat including Hugh Morton, in charge, second engineer “HMS Lipis” , Rae, naval rating ; V. R. Tretchikoff, Warren Publicity Co., Singapore; Miss Hicks (sic) W. YWCA worker; Miss Brickman (sic) YWCA worker… “ (Record compiled by the Netherlands Indies Red Cross). Unfortunately the Tapah was spotted by a Japanese naval vessel and escorted into Muntok harbor. She had four lifeboats – each could carry 32 people. After three and a half years incarceration the survivors returned to tell the story of LI WO’s defiant action. Surviving the retreat from Hong Kong the bantam gunboat’s luck ran out when she single handedly took on warships during the evacuation of Singapore. Amidst the flames, the heat and noise, the sweaty, labouring bodies shovelled coal as fast as humanly possible, striving for their one chance to escape the Japanese. We were looking especially for water as the source of supply was a good distance away and whenever we saw any small water hole we drank the water – no matter the colour. Sub Lieut. She carried a four inch gun and depth charges. Finally, burnt by the sun, dehydrated and exhausted, some people reached land. Arrival date: 4 February 1942. She was named after the Third Rajah of Sarawak – Sir Charles Vyner Brooke. Later to be knighted as Sir Robert Scott and, post war, a Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Defence he wrote an account of this whole ordeal which can be read HERE and his obituary can be read HERE. This was where it appears that at least half of the women, children and men missing from the “Giang Bee” lost their lives and two survivors  recorded in anguish the moment as one of horror – firstly Mr. M. J. V. Miller in his diary (IWM 88/62/1) recalled “…I shall never forget that as long as I live, and the sound of little children calling out for their mothers will be forever in my ears, it was simply heartrending…” and also in the diary of Gordon Reis “…when I got into our lifeboat the screams for help were appalling – mostly women’s voices – obviously from the damaged lifeboats and now struggling in the sea…”. It was our only chance of escape. On this space the Royal Navy mounted an obsolete, Japanese-manufactured, 4-inch gun when the ship was requisitioned in December 1941. Early passenger lists were handwritten, but once printing presses became commonplace on many steamships, the ship manifests became a souvenir of the voyage. All her Malay crew had been ordered ashore in Singapore before she left, so that the crew consisted of a few Chinese crew members, a handful of RNVR personnel and some passengers who volunteered to be stokers, etc. The destroyers then left with several hundred women, children and men struggling and drowning in the sea. As noted, over forty ships were bombed and sank killing all the men, women, and children on board who either died as a direct result of the bombings or were machine gunned by the Japanese pilots or who subsequently drowned. Good old Admiralty ham. The engine was ordered to deliver maximum speed in order to get out of the danger zone as quickly as possible. She was under Hancock, one of the finest young men I have met and certainly one of the best since war started. Fifteen occupants of the latter boat were brought to Muntok in “HMS Tapah”, seven made their way to Palembang, and five Chinese whose names are not known…” (NIRC).”; In the book “Waiting for the Durian” it is recorded that there were about seventy people in the second lifeboat including stowaways under the floorboards. Four men were killed on board. Just how many of the crew managed to get off the ship is not known but at least ten reached land. Although she usually only carried 12 passengers, in addition to her 47 crew, Vyner Brooke sailed south with 181 passengers embarked, most of them women and children. Passengers from the bombed and sinking ship entered the few undamaged lifeboats, jumped into the water or slid down painful rough ropes into the sea, stripping the skin completely from their hands. I have set up this site to support my research related to the events and personal stories concerning the fall of Singapore in February 1942. At 0220 on Friday the 13th February 1942 LI WO, in company with a number of vessels, sailed from Singapore Harbor for Batavia with a total of 84 men on board. In the fortnight leading up to the surrender of Singapore some 13,000 civilians and service personnel were either evacuated or left the island in an official capacity. Men and women of many races, of all professions, engineers, doctors, lawyers, businessmen, sisters, nurses, housewives, sailors, soldiers and airmen, all shipwrecked. After Muntok the fate of the Tapah is not known. Some stayed with the rafts, others tried to swim to the nearest island. Seven Royal Australian Air Force Hudson aircraft attack the enemy transports off Kota Bharu. The survivors were landed back in Singapore at about midnight. In April 1941 she was requisitioned into naval service hence the HMS. Everyone left. To their relief they were taken on board and driven to the prisoner of war camp at Muntok. Some even fainted. December 1940, ten other ships were also damaged, including another Company ship the Roxburgh Castle. On February 20th we saw smoke in the distance and after some frantic waving it turned out to be a British Minesweeper “HMS Tapah”… A boat was sent to pick us up and it was hoped to take us safely to Batavia… Unfortunately about midnight searchlights played on our ship … and until 2 a.m. we were unaware that we were being escorted by the Japanese Navy. Instead of fleeing south out of the debacle of Singapore the gunboat’s defiant skipper turned his bow toward a Japanese troopship and ordered their guns to open fire as he prepared to ram the enemy. Because of the unrealistically positive official statements by the authorities many families delayed this move and so through December and January evacuations continued at a modest pace ,until panic set in by early February 1942 when it was obvious that the Japanese troops were almost unstoppable. He had served with the Blue Funnel line during the Great War and before coming to China in 1922. The Empire Star, 12,656 gross tons, owned by Blue Star Line, Captain S.N. We were waiting on the tide to come in so we could get out of there. It was now obvious that if any of the wounded were to survive they would have to surrender, and so they turned back toward Muntok. Many planters and miners were aboard. The poorly equipped RAF had been ordered out of Malaya and Singapore, and without adequate air support, the navy’s only two ships that might have made any difference were easily sunk by the Japanese Navy Air Arm. Some reached rafts or held onto wreckage, while others swam in their lifejackets for long hours which became days and nights, surrounded always by the wreckage from boats, the dead and the dying. At sunset she made a run for the Banka Strait, heading for Palembang in Sumatra. The Poelau Bras only had accommodation for 56 passengers and the chaos on board was therefore great as the total number reached some 500 men, women and children most of whom were Dutch. Capon, was one of the last vessels to clear the port of Singapore. She turned out to be the Tapah, a small British Auxiliary minesweeper hiding away from Jap air attacks. Evacuation & Rescue Ships 1942 ‍List created by Arthur Lane ex-FEPOW. Another cruiser, HMS Enterprise arrived late in January 1942. 42 Collier ZANNIS L CAMBANIS (R, 5317t, 1920) - Mined off Singapore. This convoy was made up of the following ships; British troop ships; Devonshire (11275 GRT, built 1939), Empress of Asia (16909 GRT, built 1913). The Mata Hari, British, 1020 gross tons, was a P&O ship on full charter to the Admiralty. No other ships are listed, including those which are only mentioned in the archives or shipping in 1971 sections.) Still under control LI WO pulled clear of its victim but was repeatedly hit by shells from the escorts which had come into the fight. The Japanese were right there. It was assumed that by noon the Poelau Bras would be in range of any nearby Japanese planes. Captain Capon’s boat with 26 crew, six gunners and six passengers was never seen again. From the approximately 300 people on board there were just over 100 survivors of the sinking. GETTING AWAY One thing alone seemed to stand out clearly. At about 7.30pm Captain Lancaster (it appears after an instruction signalled by the Japanese for the ship to be abandoned) ordered all women and children to take to the lifeboats – 50 or so  in each boat – and a strong tidal current soon swept the lifeboats astern of the GB. From 18-20 February 1942 she embarked evacuees from Palembang (Sumatra). As the first bombs fell on Singapore, after the invasion by the Japanese of northern Malaya on 8 December 1941, civilian families began to evacuate their women and children by ship back to England, India, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. Apart from the regular crew there were survivors from a number of warships as well as army and air force personnel, all but ten of whom would not survive the voyage. The Giang BeeThe following is based on Michael Pether’s description of what happened which can be found HERE. Then, at 11.40 am a dozen dive-bombers appeared and began to attack. Installations. Approximately 150 survivors eventually made it ashore at Banka Island, after periods of between eight and 65 hours in the water. Hancock sent word to us whoever wished could come on the Tapah and risk it with him. A bomb hit a lifeboat on the starboard side and another exploded at the height of the engine blowing a hole in the side of the ship. and went aboard the Tapah which was lying about one mile away (written 15.5.42). Some other women refused to leave their wounded husbands behind on board the ship and would have lost their lives in the sinking. Lieut. Billowing smoke and flame the ship sank slowly, going down by the bows, as the men swam for their lives. Some merchant ships also got away carrying evacuees from the path of the Japanese. With them went a number of wounded men on the decks or sheltering in the cabins and bunkers. Held at IWM.SDGB = book “Singapore’s Dunkirk” by Geoffrey Brooke, ISBN 0-85052-051-7, first published 1989 by Leo Cooper.ST = book “Sinister Twilight” by Noel Barber , published by Readers Union Collins 1968STA = the on line archives of the “Straits Times” and many other newspapers of Singapore and Malaya available on the website newspapers.nl.sg managed by the Singapore National LibraryWBTW = book “Women Beyond the Wire” by Lavinia Warner and John SandilandWFTD = the book “Waiting for the Durian” by Susan McCabe, being the story of the Woodford family during these event. (E) H.M. MacGregor, RNR – Second Engineer, Temp. 1942 - Singapore falls to Japan, which renames it Syonan (Light of the South). The party remaining behind was about 22 and I heard they eventually, on the return of the lifeboat, tried to make Batavia, Java. Not long after 2 pm Vyner Brooke was attacked by several Japanese aircraft. French troop ship (under British control) Felix Roussel (17083 GRT, built 1930) The two Y.W.C.A women remained behind really to control the men. Already on board were 28 senior executives of the oil company BPM and Shell and passengers rescued from other ships that had been bombed and sunk earlier by the Japanese. She was captured by Japanese forces 24 km (15 miles) off Muntok on 15 February at 03:00hrs. Wilkinson called his men together and told them that he had decided to attack. - The sun was rising as I stepped on to the verandah outside my office in Fullerton Building and leant over the stone parapet to look out to sea. Rob Scott’s dinghy picked up a few survivors and, after five days at sea, finally reached the coast of Sumatra – he was interned and later sent back to Singapore to be interrogated and tortured. At about this point many of those still on board took to the sea (GBIR). Singapore under British military administration. (E) F.J. Lumley, RNR – Chief Engineer, Temp. One group came across a life raft which had three more of the crew on board and joined up with them. The last heavily overladen ships left Singapore on February 12 and 13 - which happened to be a Friday. The order to abandon ship was given, however as all internal communications had been cut; a search was made of the ship to ensure that all those who were still alive were aware of the order. We were fortunate the first time they unloaded their bombs but when the came back again after 1 p.m. they made a direct hit and caused damage to the engine room. An English-speaking Japanese officer came aboard and Captain Mulock offered his sword to the officer, thus became the last Royal Navy captain to surrender his sword to the enemy. The decision to continue on this course of action was not made any easier as they kept coming across the bayoneted bodies of other Allied soldiers and airmen. Almost all the survivors ended up in either the men’s internment camp or the women’s internment camp at Palembang – one record states 23 men were interned in the men’s camp at Palembang and 47 women and children in the women’s camp. One of these was Colin Douglas Campbell. Under aerial attack the whole time her departure was marred by much confusion in the port area. What has transpired I do not know at time of writing but they must have been say 300 miles north of Batavia. Once the Japanese made a successful landing on Singapore island on 8 February 1942 there were long lines of European and Eurasian families queuing each day attempting to obtain an exit pass and passenger ticket at the shipping office set up in the suburbs of Singapore - usually unsuccessfully because of bureaucratic incompetence and with the result that many ships were leaving half empty! Convoy from Bombay to Singapore. 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