Goal 15: Biodiversity, forests, desertification. Globally, children living in urban areas are around 1.5 times more likely to be registered than their rural counterparts. Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling of children’s rights violations. Based on the limited data available, in 14 of 46 countries with comparable data, at least 5 per cent of women between the ages of 18 and 29 experienced sexual intercourse or other sexual acts that were forced, physically or in other ways, for the first time before they were 18 years of age. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions Published 29 October 2015 Goal 16 is to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build … This occurred in a context where the total prison population grew in absolute values while remaining constant as a share of the total population. In 2018, the number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 70 million, the highest level recorded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in nearly 70 years. More than 570 different flows involving trafficking in persons were detected between 2012 and 2014, affecting all regions; many involved movement from lower-income to higher-income countries. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. To tackle these challenges and build a more peaceful, inclusive societies, there needs to be more efficient and transparent regulations put in place and comprehensive, realistic government budgets. At the core of the 2030 Agenda lies a clear understanding that human rights, peace and security, and development are deeply interlinked and mutually reinforcing. Every passing week saw at least eight people murdered at the front lines of efforts to build more inclusive and equal societies – a worrying increase from the previous average of one victim per day observed from 2015 to 2017. Peace, justice and effective, accountable and inclusive institutions are at the core of sustainable development. Target 16.3 promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access … While homicide and trafficking cases have seen significant progress over the past decade, there are still thousands of people at greater risk of intentional murder within Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and around Asia. This is equivalent to one person killed every day while working to inform the public and build a world free from fear and want. In 2019, 40 per cent of countries had a national human rights institution that had successfully achieved compliance with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (the Paris Principles). Moreover, despite the lack of harmonized data, fatalities and injuries related to armed conflict appear to be increasing in some countries, causing unprecedented population displacements and enormous humanitarian needs. A free press is closely linked to access to information and the protection of human rights, but the trend in this regard is discouraging. Renewed efforts are essential to move towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16. Millions of people have been deprived of their security, human rights and access to justice. Goal 14: Oceans. <br> Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age. Goal 16 targets. In 2018, a total of 39 per cent of all countries had in place an institution that was fully compliant with the internationally agreed standard, seven countries more than was the case in 2015. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all. Source: Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, Report of the Secretary-General, https://undocs.org/en/E/2020/57. Sustainable Development Goal 16 - United Nations and the Rule of Law. Despite recent progress, the births of more than 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 worldwide have not been recorded. During the past years, many parties within the United Nations have progressively described how the rule of law and human rights are imperative to achieving and sustaining peace, as well as to realizing the vision now set forth in the Sustainable Development Goals. Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime Binding laws and policies giving individuals a right to access information held by public authorities have been adopted by 125 countries, with at least 31 countries adopting such laws since 2013. … Advances in promoting the rule of law and access to justice are uneven. The Goal has 12 targets to be achieved by 2030. 16. In all but seven of these countries, more than half of children experienced violent forms of discipline. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions. Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance Through the implementation of birth registration with proof of legal identity, children’s rights can be protected and universal access to justice and social services can be enabled. Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime. Various forms of violence against children are pervasive, including discipline that relies on physical punishment and psychological aggression. Efforts are under way to make national and international institutions more effective, inclusive and transparent. In all but 7 of 73 countries and areas with available survey data from 2005 to 2015, more than half of children between the ages of 1 and 14 were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment at home. One of the first steps towards protecting individual rights is the implementation of worldwide birth registration and the creation of more independent national human rights institutions around the world. Data from 38 countries over the past decade suggest that high-income countries have the lowest prevalence of bribery (an average of 3.7 per cent), while lower-income countries bear the heaviest bribery burden when accessing public services (22.3 per cent). However, implementation remains a challenge. Yet underreporting and the lack of comparable data limit understanding of the full extent of the problem. The number of victims of intentional homicide worldwide remained relatively stable from 2008 to 2014. Attacks on civil society are also holding back development progress. Birth registration plays a primary role in ensuring individual rights and access to justice and social services. In all but seven of these countries, at least half of children experienced violent disciplinary methods. Fewer than half (44 per cent) of all children in sub-Saharan Africa under 5 years of age had their births registered. sdgcounting. Progress with respect to the rule of law and access to justice is mixed. Over 90 per cent of victims detected were trafficked for sexual exploitation or forced labour. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration Goal 13: Climate Change. High levels of armed conflict and insecurity have a destructive impact on a country’s development, effecting economic growth and often resulting in long standing grievances. Advances in ending violence, promoting the rule of law, strengthening institutions and increasing access to justice are uneven and continue to deprive millions of their security, rights and opportunities and undermine the delivery of public services and broader economic development. However, based on data from 2010 to 2019, the births of around one in four children under 5 years of age were never officially recorded. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. Among victims of robbery, between one quarter and one half reported the crime to the police, in 27 countries with available data. Nearly 8 in 10 children aged 1 to 14 years were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment on a regular basis at home in 81 countries (primarily developing), according to available data from 2005 to 2017. Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels The pandemic is potentially leading to an increase in social unrest and violence, which would greatly undermine the world’s ability to meet the targets of Goal 16. Freedom-of-information laws and policies have been adopted by 116 countries, with at least 25 countries doing so over the last five years. <br> Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles, Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development, Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law. <br> Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms, Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population. But many countries still face protracted armed conflict and violence, and far too many people struggle as a result of weak institutions and the lack of access to justice, information and other fundamental freedoms. Yet our world is … The pace of progress to put in place national human rights institutions compliant with the Paris Principles must be accelerated. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration. Almost half of low-income economies showed more than plus or minus 10 per cent deviation in budget execution. <br> Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age, Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause, Proportion of population subjected to physical, psychological or sexual violence in the previous 12 months, Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organised crime. <br> Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars), Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments. The number of intentional homicides per 100,000 people increased from 6.0 in 2015 to 6.1 in 2017. One out of 10 countries had a deviation of more than plus or minus 15 per cent. The official wording is to "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts". Globally, 73 per cent of children under 5 have had their births registered; the proportion is less than half (46 per cent) in sub-Saharan Africa. In most regions, birth registration rates tend to be highest among the richest 20 per cent of the population. Access to internationally recognized national human rights institutions, however, remains overdue in 78 countries, in particular in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Oceania and sub-Saharan Africa. By 2014, the figures had dropped to 18 per cent and 7 per cent, respectively, but were still almost twice the levels recorded for 2004. End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children. Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms. Even if many regions have reached universal or near universal birth registration, globally the average is just 73 per cent. End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children The proportion of prisoners held in detention without being sentenced for a crime remained almost constant in the last decade: from 32 per cent in 2003–2005 to 31 per cent in 2014–2016. Registering children at birth is a first step in securing recognition before the law and safeguarding individual rights and access to justice. As described in the 2016 UNDP Annual Report on The Rule of Law and Human Rights, Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16) – for peaceful, just, and inclusive societies – ushers in a new kind of development: one where people could influence the decisions that affect their lives and create communities that thrive. At least 43 countries have adopted such guarantees in the past 10 years, 40 per cent of them in Africa. However, only 75 of these countries have institutions that are fully compliant. There has been an overall increase in the detection of victims of trafficking in persons, which could reflect either a positive (enhanced efforts by authorities to identify victims) or negative (larger trafficking problem) development. For example, while developing countries account for 63 per cent of voting rights in the African Development Bank, this figure is only 35 per cent in the International Monetary Fund and 38 per cent in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development of the World Bank Group. SDG 16 articulates the key role that governance and the rule of law play in promoting peaceful, just, and inclusive societies and in ensuring sustainable development. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels". 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